These foods, however, do not counteract all of the risks from smoking and high alcohol consumption—quitting smoking and cutting down on alcohol remains the healthiest option.
Past studies have also shown that fruit and vegetable lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and death from all causes. Last week, a study in the Journal of the American Heart Association reported that eating mostly plant-based foods and very little meat and dairy lowers your chances of death from a heart attack, stroke, heart failure or other cardiovascular diseases.
Plant-based diet are both nutritious and sustainable, according to the EAT-Lancet Commission on Food, Planet, Health, which was based on inputs from 37 experts from 16 countries, including India. Food production, mostly of red meat, is the biggest cause of land-use change, biodiversity loss, and natural water depletion and accounts for one-fourth of greenhouse gas emissions. It would be impossible to provide nutritious food to the world’s 10 billion people in 2050 without radically transforming diets, improving food production, and reducing food waste, the report said.