For the study, published in Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, the researchers from the University of Eastern Finland analysed data from nearly 500 children aged between six and eight years.
The researchers added that vitamin D is known to be essential for bone metabolism and its low serum levels increase the risk of rickets, osteomalacia and osteopenia. Lifestyle factors, such as healthy diet, physical activity and spending time outdoors leading to the production of vitamin D in the skin may be linked to both higher serum vitamin D levels and lower plasma lipid levels, the study said.
Some of the important dietary sources of vitamin D are dairy products and spreads and fish. In addition to the dietary intake, vitamin D supplement use is also recommended for the general population in several countries. Vitamin D is further found in orange juice, soy milk, cereals also in cheese and egg yolk. Sufficient Vitamin D in children’s diets has a positive impact on risk factors associated with heart diseases.